By Barry E. Smith, Raymond L. Richards, William E. Newton
Organic nitrogen fixation offers greater than 50% of the full annual enter of the basic point nitrogen to global agriculture. therefore, it's of great agronomic value and important to foodstuff offers, rather in constructing nations. This e-book, with chapters authored by means of the world over well known specialists, offers a finished and specified account of the interesting heritage of the method - together with the superb discoveries of molybdenum-independent nitrogenases and superoxide-dependent nitrogenase; a evaluate of Man's makes an attempt to emulate the organic strategy - so much effectively with the commercially dominant Haber-Bosch strategy; and the present country of the certainty paintings with admire to the enzymes - known as nitrogenases - accountable for organic nitrogen fixation. The preliminary chapters use a historic method of the organic and commercial procedures, through an outline of assay methodologies. the following set of chapters makes a speciality of the classical enzyme, the molybdenum nitrogenase, and info its biosynthesis, constitution, composition, and mechanism of motion in addition to detailing either how versions of its part proteins are developed by means of recombinant DNA expertise and the way computational suggestions are being utilized. the subtle chemical modelling of the metal-containing clusters within the enzyme is reviewed subsequent, by means of an outline of the 2 molybdenum-independent nitrogenases - first, the vanadium-containing enzyme after which the iron-only nitrogenase - including a few techniques as to why they exist! Then follows an updated remedy of the sincerely "non-classical" homes of the superoxide-dependent nitrogenase, which extra heavily resembles molybdenum-containing hydroxylases and similar enzymes, like nitrate reductase, that it does the opposite nitrogenases. every one bankruptcy comprises an in depth record of references. This e-book is the self-contained first quantity of a complete seven-volume sequence. No different on hand paintings offers the updated and in-depth assurance of this sequence and this quantity. This e-book is meant to function an quintessential reference paintings for all scientists operating during this region, together with agriculture and the heavily similar metals-in-biology sector; to help scholars to go into this not easy sector of analysis; and to supply technology directors easy accessibility to very important suitable info.
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Additional info for Catalysts for Nitrogen Fixation: Nitrogenases, Relevant Chemical Models and Commercial Processes (Nitrogen Fixation: Origins, Applications, and Research Progress)
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